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California unemployment rate dips to record low 4.1 percent in July

Employers add 19,600 nonfarm jobs; current expansion ties all-time record

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SACRAMENTO – California’s unemployment rate tied a record low 4.1 percent in July while the state’s employers added 19,600 nonfarm payroll jobs, according to data released today by the California Employment Development Department (EDD) from two surveys. July’s job gain contributes to an employment expansion in California that is now 113-months long, tying the expansion of the 1960s for the longest on record. California has gained 3,299,000 jobs since the economic expansion began in February 2010, accounting for more than 15 percent of the nation’s job gains over the expansion.

The California unemployment rate was 4.1 percent in July 2019, down 0.1 percent from June and the same as July of last year.

California payroll jobs totaled 17,488,600 in July 2019, up 19,600 from June and up 311,800 from July of last year.

California’s Labor Market, by the Numbers...

  • The state’s unemployment rate dipped from 4.2 percent to 4.1 percent1 in July, once again tying the record low unemployment rate first set in July through December 2018.
  • California added an average 29,200 jobs2 per month over the entire 113-month long expansion - far more than the 8-9,000 jobs needed monthly to match labor force growth.
  • While virtually all states have experienced sustained job growth since the end of the recession, California’s growth has been more broad-based in all but one of the state’s 11 major industries, led by gains in the high-tech jobs of Professional and Business Services and Information, along with increases in Education and Health Services, which support an aging demographic.
  • The current expansion differs in comparison with the record expansion between August 1960 and December 1969 which was primarily fueled by manufacturing, particularly in aerospace, and higher population growth (approx. 2.7 percent annual growth in the 1960s compared to 0.8 percent currently).

1. The unemployment rate comes from a federal survey of 5,100 California households.
2. The nonfarm payroll job numbers come from a separate federal survey of 80,000 California businesses.

Data Trends about Jobs in the Economy

Total Nonfarm Payroll Jobs (Comes from a monthly survey of approximately 80,000 California businesses that estimates jobs in the economy – seasonally adjusted)

  • Month-over – Wage and salary jobs in California’s 11 major industries totaled 17,488,600 in July – a net gain of 19,600 jobs from June. This followed a revised gain of 41,300 jobs in June.
  • Year-over – Wage and salary jobs increased by 311,800 jobs (a 1.8 percent increase) from July 2018 to July 2019 compared to the U.S. annual gain of 2,246,000 jobs (a 1.5 percent increase).
This table shows the number of California nonfarm payroll jobs grouped by major industries, with columns showing month-over and year-over change, plus total payroll jobs as of July 2019. If you need an alternative format to access this information, contact the EDD Equal Employment Opportunity Office at EEOmail@edd.ca.gov or call toll free 1-866-490-8879.

Total Farm jobs – The number of jobs in the agriculture industry decreased by 3,400 jobs from June to 425,900. The agricultural industry has added 3,900 farm jobs since July 2018.

Data Trends about Workers in the Economy

Employment and Unemployment in California (Based on monthly federal survey of 5,100 California households which focuses on workers in the economy)

  • Employed – The number of Californians holding jobs in June was 18,583,000, a decrease of 25,000 from June and down 1,000 from the employment total in July of last year.
  • Unemployed – The number of unemployed Californians was 804,000 in July, a decrease of 11,000 over the month and up by 1,000 compared with July of last year.
This table summarizes data from the prior text and adds that the civilian labor force (which is the labor force by place of residence, including workers involved in trading disputes) totaled 19,387,000, down 35,000 from June and up 1,000 from July of last year.

Unemployment Insurance Claims (not seasonally adjusted) In related data that figures into the state’s unemployment rate, there were 308,212 people receiving Unemployment Insurance benefits during the survey week in July compared to 302,156 in June and 323,594 people in July 2018. Concurrently, 39,490 people filed new claims in July which was a month-over increase of 604.

In July 2019, there were 308,212 people receiving unemployment insurance benefits, up 6,056 from June and down 15,382 from July of last year. There were 39,490 people who filed new claims, up 604 from June and down 366 from July of last year.
MONTHLY LABOR FORCE DATA FOR COUNTIES
July 2019 (Preliminary); 2018 Benchmark
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
COUNTY LABOR FORCE EMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE

STATE TOTAL

19,453,600

18,589,100

864,500 4.4%
ALAMEDA 853,900 825,700 28,200 3.3%
ALPINE 500 470 40 7.2%
AMADOR 15,170 14,570 610 4.0%
BUTTE 102,300 96,700 5,500 5.4%
CALAVERAS 21,880 21,020 850 3.9%
COLUSA 11,190 10,040 1,150 10.2%
CONTRA COSTA 567,900 548,400 19,400 3.4%
DEL NORTE 10,010 9,430 580 5.7%
EL DORADO 92,000 88,500 3,500 3.8%
FRESNO 456,400 423,200 33,200 7.3%
GLENN 12,630 11,780 850 6.7%
HUMBOLDT 62,100 59,600 2,500 4.0%
IMPERIAL 68,900 54,600 14,200 20.7%
INYO 8,900 8,580 320 3.6%
KERN 390,900 358,100 32,800 8.4%
KINGS 58,400 53,800 4,600 7.8%
LAKE 28,990 27,510 1,480 5.1%
LASSEN 9,780 9,310 460 4.7%
LOS ANGELES 5,121,600 4,864,300 257,300 5.0%
MADERA 60,700 56,200 4,500 7.4%
MARIN 142,700 139,000 3,600 2.5%
MARIPOSA 8,280 7,950 330 3.9%
MENDOCINO 39,560 37,980 1,580 4.0%
MERCED 113,500 103,900 9,500 8.4%
MODOC 3,250 3,040 210 6.4%
MONO 9,250 8,930 330 3.5%
MONTEREY 234,200 223,200 11,000 4.7%
NAPA 75,700 73,500 2,300 3.0%
NEVADA 48,630 46,880 1,750 3.6%
ORANGE 1,620,200 1,568,900 51,300 3.2%
PLACER 186,400 179,900 6,500 3.5%
PLUMAS 8,310 7,780 530 6.4%
RIVERSIDE 1,093,400 1,041,200 52,200 4.8%
SACRAMENTO 715,700 686,300 29,400 4.1%
SAN BENITO 31,200 29,600 1,600 5.1%
SAN BERNARDINO 962,700 919,700 43,000 4.5%
SAN DIEGO 1,598,900 1,541,800 57,100 3.6%
SAN FRANCISCO 586,700 572,500 14,200 2.4%
SAN JOAQUIN 321,800 301,400 20,400 6.3%
SAN LUIS OBISPO 140,900 136,300 4,600 3.2%
SAN MATEO 463,400 452,700 10,700 2.3%
SANTA BARBARA 219,200 211,100 8,100 3.7%
SANTA CLARA 1,064,400 1,034,900 29,500 2.8%
SANTA CRUZ 145,200 138,900 6,300 4.3%
SHASTA 73,400 69,800 3,600 4.9%
SIERRA 1,350 1,280 70 5.1%
SISKIYOU 17,840 16,780 1,060 6.0%
SOLANO 207,300 198,700 8,700 4.2%
SONOMA 262,000 254,200 7,800 3.0%
STANISLAUS 244,300 228,300 16,000 6.6%
SUTTER 47,000 43,800 3,200 6.9%
TEHAMA 25,380 23,840 1,550 6.1%
TRINITY 4,790 4,550 240 5.1%
TULARE 202,700 182,500 20,200 10.0%
TUOLUMNE 22,080 21,070 1,010 4.6%
VENTURA 419,000 402,500 16,500 3.9%
YOLO 109,700 105,000 4,700 4.3%
YUBA 29,200 27,300 1,900 6.4%