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California unemployment lowers to 13.3 percent in July

Employers gain 140,400 nonfarm payroll jobs

IMPORTANT NOTE: The employment data for the month of July 2020 is taken from the survey week including July 12. Data for the survey week including August 12 is scheduled for release on September 18.

SACRAMENTO – California’s unemployment rate improved to 13.3 percent in July as the state’s employers added 140,400 jobs1, according to data released today by the California Employment Development Department (EDD) from two surveys. This comes after June’s record2 gain of 542,500 jobs and record losses from March and April in a data series that dates back to 1976. California has now regained nearly a third (31.1 percent) of the 2,625,500 nonfarm jobs lost during March and April as a direct result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

The California unemployment rate was 13.3 percent in July 2020, down 1.6 percent from June 2020, but up 9.3 percent from July of last year.
California payroll jobs totaled 15,796,100 in July 2020, down 113,400 from June 2020 and down up 1,643,600 from July of last year.

California’s Labor Market, by the Numbers...

  • Despite the unemployment rate of 13.3 percent3 being noticeably lower than the record high of 16.4 percent from April and May, it is still above the 12.3 percent mark set during the height of the Great Recession (March, October, and November 2010).
  • The month-over decrease in California’s unemployment rate (-1.6 percentage points) was larger than that of the nation as a whole (-0.9 percentage point).
  • Nine of California’s 11 industry sectors gained jobs last month. Trade, Transportation, & Utilities (+40,900) had the largest job gain due to the performance of motor vehicle and professional equipment wholesalers, as well as automobile dealers.
  • The growth in Government (+36,000) was thanks to gains in state government.
  • Losses in Construction (-14,800) were largely due to weak hiring in residential construction despite hiring in non-residential construction being strong.

1. The nonfarm payroll job numbers come from a federal survey of 80,000 California businesses.
2. California’s current payroll jobs data date back to 1990.
3. The unemployment rate comes from a separate federal survey of 5,100 California households.

Data Trends about Jobs in the Economy

Total Nonfarm Payroll Jobs

This information comes from a monthly survey of approximately 80,000 California businesses that estimates jobs in the economy – seasonally adjusted.

  • Month-over – Total nonfarm jobs in California’s 11 major industries totaled 15,796,100 in July – a net gain of 140,400 jobs from June. This followed a downward- revised (-15,700) gain of 542,500 jobs in June.
  • Year-over – Total nonfarm jobs decreased by 1,643,600 (a 9.4 percent decrease) from July 2019 to July 2020 compared to the U.S. annual loss of 11,371,000 jobs (a 7.5 percent decrease).
Major Industries Month-over Change (June 2020–July 2020) Year-over Change (June 2019–July 2020) Total Payroll Jobs as of July 2020
Trade, Transportation, Utilities +40,900 -227,000 2,826,900
Government +36,000 -160,900 2,442,200
Education and Health Services +29,700 -142,200 2,673,200
Other Services +17,900 -119,900 458,600
Professional and Business Services +16,700 -167,700 2,557,400
Leisure and Hospitality +5,900 -619,800 1,412,100
Financial Activities +4,100 -6,100 835,900
Manufacturing +3,700 -98,100 1,220,400
Information +600 -45,600 514,400
Mining and Logging -300 -700 21,900
Construction -14,800 -55,800 833,100

Total Farm jobs – The number of jobs in the agriculture industry increased by 22,400 jobs from June to 335,500. The agricultural industry has lost 85,900 farm jobs since July 2019.

Data Trends about Workers in the Economy

Employment and Unemployment in California

This information is based on a monthly federal survey of 5,100 California households which focuses on workers in the economy.

  • Employed – The number of Californians holding jobs in July was 16,293,900, an increase of 153,700 from June, but down 2,315,400 from the employment total in July of last year.
  • Unemployed – The number of unemployed Californians was 2,510,100 in July, a decrease of 320,800 over the month, but up by 1,738,500 compared with July of last year.
California Labor Force Month-over Change (June 2020–July 2020) Year-over Change (June 2019–July 2020)
* Civilian Labor Force (18,804,000) -167,200 -577,000
Total Civilian Employment (16,293,900) +153,700 -2,315,400
Unemployment (2,510,100) -320,800 +1,738,500

* Labor force by place of residence, including workers involved in trade disputes.

Unemployment Insurance Claims (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The following data is from a sample week that includes the 19th of each month: In related data that figures into the state’s unemployment rate, there were 3,144,098 people certifying for Unemployment Insurance benefits during the July 2020 sample week. That compares to 2,778,771 people in June 2020 and 308,212 people in July 2019. Concurrently, 244,506 initial claims were processed in the July 2020 sample week, which was a month-over decrease of 39,794 claims from June 2020 but a year-over increase of 205,016 claims from July 2019.

California Unemployment Insurance Claims Month-over Change (June 2020–July 2020) Year-over Change (June 2019–July 2020)
UI Recipients (3,144,098) +365,327 +2,835,886
New UI Claims (244,506) -39,794 +205,016
MONTHLY LABOR FORCE DATA FOR COUNTIES
July 2020 (Preliminary); 2019 Benchmark
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
COUNTY LABOR FORCE EMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
STATE TOTAL 18,885,200 16,294,200 2,591,000 13.7%
ALAMEDA 820,600 722,500 98,100 12.0%
ALPINE 480 410 70 14.1%
AMADOR 14,230 12,540 1,690 11.9%
BUTTE 93,200 82,900 10,400 11.1%
CALAVERAS 20,600 18,610 1,980 9.6%
COLUSA 9,950 8,430 1,520 15.3%
CONTRA COSTA 545,600 480,100 65,500 12.0%
DEL NORTE 9,290 8,240 1,050 11.3%
EL DORADO 89,500 80,300 9,200 10.3%
FRESNO 447,400 387,000 60,400 13.5%
GLENN 11,930 10,640 1,290 10.8%
HUMBOLDT 58,900 52,800 6,000 10.2%
IMPERIAL 71,500 52,300 19,200 26.8%
INYO 8,250 7,480 770 9.4%
KERN 370,000 308,800 61,200 16.5%
KINGS 56,500 49,100 7,400 13.1%
LAKE 26,920 23,790 3,130 11.6%
LASSEN 8,870 8,110 760 8.6%
LOS ANGELES 4,940,000 4,042,500 897,500 18.2%
MADERA 60,800 52,900 7,900 13.0%
MARIN 133,700 122,000 11,700 8.8%
MARIPOSA 7,970 7,110 860 10.8%
MENDOCINO 36,820 32,790 4,030 10.9%
MERCED 112,300 96,000 16,300 14.5%
MODOC 3,020 2,750 270 8.8%
MONO 6,900 5,750 1,150 16.6%
MONTEREY 198,400 174,400 24,000 12.1%
NAPA 72,700 65,100 7,600 10.4%
NEVADA 43,840 39,190 4,650 10.6%
ORANGE 1,578,600 1,384,200 194,400 12.3%
PLACER 182,600 164,800 17,800 9.8%
PLUMAS 7,330 6,490 840 11.4%
RIVERSIDE 1,098,200 947,900 150,300 13.7%
SACRAMENTO 709,600 621,200 88,400 12.5%
SAN BENITO 31,100 27,400 3,700 11.9%
SAN BERNARDINO 958,300 833,200 125,100 13.1%
SAN DIEGO 1,576,700 1,382,700 194,000 12.3%
SAN FRANCISCO 573,900 511,200 62,700 10.9%
SAN JOAQUIN 322,400 274,700 47,700 14.8%
SAN LUIS OBISPO 131,200 118,200 13,000 9.9%
SAN MATEO 445,000 403,800 41,100 9.2%
SANTA BARBARA 215,200 193,700 21,400 10.0%
SANTA CLARA 1,036,600 940,100 96,500 9.3%
SANTA CRUZ 130,000 115,500 14,600 11.2%
SHASTA 71,700 64,100 7,500 10.5%
SIERRA 1,210 1,100 110 9.3%
SISKIYOU 16,210 14,390 1,820 11.2%
SOLANO 203,200 178,100 25,100 12.4%
SONOMA 253,000 228,300 24,700 9.8%
STANISLAUS 236,000 203,800 32,200 13.6%
SUTTER 42,400 36,600 5,700 13.5%
TEHAMA 24,050 21,400 2,650 11.0%
TRINITY 4,450 4,070 380 8.6%
TULARE 191,100 160,200 30,900 16.2%
TUOLUMNE 19,780 17,290 2,480 12.6%
VENTURA 412,200 365,800 46,400 11.3%
YOLO 104,600 94,700 9,900 9.5%
YUBA 28,300 24,500 3,800 13.5%