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California unemployment improves to 14.9 percent in June

Employers added 558,200 nonfarm jobs

IMPORTANT NOTE: The employment data for the month of June 2020 is taken from the survey week including June 12. Data for the survey week including July 12 is scheduled for release on August 21.

SACRAMENTO – California’s unemployment rate improved to 14.9 percent in June as the state’s employers added a record 558,200 jobs 1, according to data released today by the California Employment Development Department (EDD) from two surveys. This comes after the previous record gain of 134,200 jobs in May and record losses in the months preceding that, in a data series that dates back to 1990. California has now regained more than a quarter (26.4 percent) of the 2,625,500 nonfarm jobs lost during March and April as a direct result of the COVID-19 pandemic.

California’s Labor Market, by the Numbers...

  • Despite the state’s unemployment rate of 14.9 percent2 being noticeably lower than the record high of 16.4 percent from April and May, it is still far higher than the 12.3 percent it was during the height of the Great Recession (March, October, and November 2010).
  • The industry sectors that were most affected by the shutdown due to the pandemic tended to have the largest job gains in June.
  • Nine of California’s 11 industry sectors gained jobs last month. Leisure & Hospitality (+292,500) had the largest job gain due to growth in accommodation and food services, which benefited from statewide re-openings of bars and dine-in restaurants. The sector has regained more than one-third of its job losses from March and April.
  • Percentage-wise, Construction has had the largest rebound since the historic losses in March and April, recovering 68 percent of jobs lost within the sector.
  • Government (-36,300) had the largest decline in June with job losses in state and local government educational services.

1. The nonfarm payroll job numbers come from a federal survey of 80,000 California businesses.
2. The unemployment rate comes from a separate federal survey of 5,100 California households.

Data trends about Jobs in the Economy

Total Nonfarm Payroll Jobs

This information comes from a monthly survey of approximately 80,000 California businesses that estimates jobs in the economy – seasonally adjusted.

  • Month-over – Total nonfarm jobs in California’s 11 major industries totaled 15,671,400 in June – a net gain of 558,200 jobs from May. This followed a revised gain of 134,200 jobs in May.
  • Year-over – Total nonfarm jobs decreased by 1,740,600 jobs (a 10 percent decrease) from June 2019 to June 2020 compared to the U.S. annual loss of 12,957,000 jobs (an 8.6 percent decrease).
Major Industries Month-over Change (May 2020–June 2020) Year-over Change (June 2019–June 2020) Total Payroll Jobs as of June 2020
Leisure and Hospitality +292,500 -607,300 1,423,100
Trade, Transportation, Utilities +97,600 -268,100 2,780,400
Education and Health Services +84,000 -146,900 2,653,800
Professional and Business Services +30,400 -189,200 2,534,900
Other Services +27,700 -133,700 441,200
Construction +26,800 -37,300 848,900
Manufacturing +23,400 -105,300 1,217,900
Information +8,200 -45,400 512,300
Financial Activities +4,400 -8,400 831,300
Mining and Logging -500 -200 22,300
Government -36,300 -198,800 2,405,300

Total Farm jobs – The number of jobs in the agriculture industry decreased by 8,500 jobs from May to 313,100. The agricultural industry has lost 113,000 farm jobs since June 2019.

Data trends about Workers in the Economy

Employment and Unemployment in California

This information is based on a monthly federal survey of 5,100 California households which focuses on workers in the economy.

  • Employed – The number of Californians holding jobs in June was 16,117,000, an increase of 653,300 from May, but down 2,451,900 from the employment total in June of last year.
  • Unemployed – The number of unemployed Californians was 2,831,000 in June, a decrease of 212,100 over the month, but up by 2,050,000 compared with June of last year.
California Labor Force Month-over Change (May 2020–June 2020) Year-over Change (June 2019–June 2020)
* Civilian Labor Force (18,948,000) +441,200 -401,000
Total Civilian Employment (16,117,000) +653,300 -2,451,900
Unemployment (2,831,000) -212,100 +2,050,000

* Labor force by place of residence, including workers involved in trade disputes.

Unemployment Insurance Claims (Not Seasonally Adjusted)

The following data is from a sample week that includes the 19th of each month: In related data that figures into the state’s unemployment rate, there were 2,778,771 people certifying for Unemployment Insurance benefits during the June 2020 sample week. That compares to 2,154,692 people in May 2020 and 307,704 people in June 2019. Concurrently, 284,300 initial claims were processed in the June 2020 sample week, which was a month-over increase of 80,712 claims from May 2020 and a year-over increase of 239,732 claims from June 2019.

California Unemployment Insurance Claims Month-over Change (May 2020–June 2020) Year-over Change (June 2019–June 2020)
UI Recipients (2,778,771) +624,079 +2,471,067
New UI Claims (284,300) +80,712 +239,732
MONTHLY LABOR FORCE DATA FOR COUNTIES
June 2020 (Preliminary); 2019 Benchmark
NOT SEASONALLY ADJUSTED
COUNTY LABOR FORCE EMPLOYMENT UNEMPLOYMENT RATE
STATE TOTAL 18,912,000 16,065,400 2,846,600 15.1%
ALAMEDA 823,400 712,700 110,700 13.4%
ALPINE 500 400 100 19.6%
AMADOR 14,460 12,620 1,840 12.7%
BUTTE 95,100 83,600 11,500 12.1%
CALAVERAS 20,630 18,350 2,270 11.0%
COLUSA 10,170 8,310 1,860 18.3%
CONTRA COSTA 546,600 473,300 73,300 13.4%
DEL NORTE 9,300 8,140 1,160 12.5%
EL DORADO 90,700 79,000 11,700 12.9%
FRESNO 450,900 385,200 65,700 14.6%
GLENN 11,110 9,680 1,440 12.9%
HUMBOLDT 59,900 53,000 6,900 11.6%
IMPERIAL 74,000 53,800 20,200 27.3%
INYO 8,290 7,390 900 10.9%
KERN 377,700 311,600 66,100 17.5%
KINGS 56,800 48,500 8,300 14.6%
LAKE 25,800 22,140 3,660 14.2%
LASSEN 8,850 8,010 840 9.5%
LOS ANGELES 4,911,400 3,954,200 957,300 19.5%
MADERA 61,500 52,900 8,700 14.1%
MARIN 133,000 119,700 13,300 10.0%
MARIPOSA 7,870 6,750 1,120 14.3%
MENDOCINO 37,630 32,990 4,640 12.3%
MERCED 115,300 97,200 18,100 15.7%
MODOC 3,070 2,760 310 10.0%
MONO 6,760 5,090 1,670 24.7%
MONTEREY 204,600 175,100 29,600 14.4%
NAPA 74,200 65,000 9,200 12.5%
NEVADA 41,080 35,730 5,350 13.0%
ORANGE 1,595,000 1,377,000 218,000 13.7%
PLACER 182,600 162,200 20,500 11.2%
PLUMAS 6,780 5,840 950 13.9%
RIVERSIDE 1,099,200 936,900 162,300 14.8%
SACRAMENTO 707,800 611,700 96,100 13.6%
SAN BENITO 31,300 27,000 4,300 13.8%
SAN BERNARDINO 956,000 824,000 132,000 13.8%
SAN DIEGO 1,580,400 1,361,100 219,200 13.9%
SAN FRANCISCO 570,200 499,100 71,100 12.5%
SAN JOAQUIN 326,600 274,600 51,900 15.9%
SAN LUIS OBISPO 131,900 116,700 15,200 11.5%
SAN MATEO 442,000 394,200 47,800 10.8%
SANTA BARBARA 213,500 188,800 24,700 11.6%
SANTA CLARA 1,040,000 929,100 110,900 10.7%
SANTA CRUZ 132,600 115,300 17,300 13.0%
SHASTA 72,800 64,400 8,400 11.5%
SIERRA 1,180 1,050 130 11.1%
SISKIYOU 16,250 14,200 2,050 12.6%
SOLANO 202,400 174,700 27,700 13.7%
SONOMA 253,600 224,400 29,200 11.5%
STANISLAUS 235,800 200,400 35,400 15.0%
SUTTER 43,400 36,800 6,500 15.0%
TEHAMA 24,730 21,800 2,930 11.8%
TRINITY 4,500 4,060 440 9.8%
TULARE 195,500 161,800 33,700 17.2%
TUOLUMNE 20,530 17,580 2,950 14.4%
VENTURA 411,900 359,900 52,000 12.6%
YOLO 104,100 93,100 11,000 10.6%
YUBA 28,800 24,700 4,100 14.4%